Gone are the exuberant colors of fall and brown is the color of the day.
The marshy edges of the lakes are accented with cattails.
I've read that Native Americans lined the babies' cradle boards with the fluff of the mature tail and it served as a kind of diaper. Way softer than Pampers!
The brown orbs on the goldenrod stems are galls, winter homes for goldenrod gall flies. The larva will stay in there for a year, eating the plant stem from the inside. How do they survive a Minnesota winter? They produce a chemical, their very own antifreeze.
|Milkweed, food of the monarch butterflies.|
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